सद्रक्षणाय खलनिग्रहणाय

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Traffic Rules

HIGHWAY SAFETY POLICE – GUIDELINES FOR DRIVERS

1.  When driving always carry your driving license and important documents such as your vehicle registration certificate, insurance certificate, road tax & P.U.C certificate
2.   Don’t Drink and Drive
3.   Obey all traffic signals, boards and signs
4.   Use the indicator or hand signals when changing lanes
5.   Adhere to permitted speed limits
6.   Don’t use your cell phone while driving. If urgent, move to the left, halt and then make the call
7.   Irrespective of right of way, stay alert and be considerate to pedestrians especially senior citizens, handicapped and children
8.   Avoid parking on the road
9.   Use pay-and-park islands
10.   Do not overload your vehicles – be it luggage or passengers
11.   Wear seat belts
12.   Always drive in correct gear
13.   Avoid sudden braking and harsh acceleration
14.   Never use the clutch as a footrest while driving

GUIDELINES FOR MOTORCYCLISTS

 1. Always wear helmets
2. When driving always carry your driving license and important documents such as your vehicle registration certificate, Insurance certificate, road tax & P.U.C certificate
3. Never Drink and Drive
4. Adhere to traffic signals, boards and signs
5. Adhere to permitted speed limits
6. Avoid using the cell phone when driving. If urgent move to left, stop and then take the call
7. Do not ride at high speeds. You may lose control and your life in the bargain
8. Do not ride or wheel your vehicle on to the footpath
9. Use your lights when riding at night
10. Understand the signals given by other road users and use the same when riding
11. Never stop abruptly in traffic. Move to the left and slow down
12. When passing a stationery vehicle allow sufficient clearance for the car doors which may open suddenly
13. Do not try and weave your way through stationery or slow moving traffic. It may cause accidents
14. Slow down at zebra crossing and if needs be stop
15. Always ride with both hands on the handlebar except when signaling
16. Don’t sit children on fuel tanks or stand them in front of the rider
17. Avoid using brakes at turns. If needed, ensure both brakes are applied gently

GUIDELINES FOR PEDESTRIANS

 1.   Never walk on the main carriageway, it could be fatal
2.   Use footpaths subways & pedestrian crossings for your safety
3.  In case of no footpaths, walk against the direction of traffic which allows better visibility
4.   In case of no pedestrian crossings, watch for traffic on both sides and cross when it’s safe
5.   Don’t indulge in jay walking, reading newspapers or hoardings when on the roads

GUIDELINES FOR ACCIDENTS

 1.   Halt your vehicle
2.   Remove the injured to the nearest private / Govt. Hospital
3.  At the Government Hospital, give your name, address and relevant information of the accident to the duty constable stationed at the casualty department.
4.  Wait in the hospital for arrival of the duty officer from the Police Station.
5.   If you cannot give first aid or medical treatment to the injured at the place of the accident because you are surrounded by a mob, then you must report this incident immediately to nearest Police Station.
As per the provisions of sections 134(a), (b) r/w 187 M. V. Act Driver failing to do so is liable for three months imprisonment or five hundred rupees fine or both.   Call 100 to give vehicle details.

The Motor Vehicle Act (MVA) 1988, Central Motor Vehicle Rules, 1989 and State Motor Vehicle Rules are the legal instruments for the conduct of road traffic in India. Some of the common offences and the consequent penalties are listed below:

Sr.No Offence

MVA

Penalty
1. Not carrying valid licence while driving

177

First Offence: Fine up to Rs. 100; Subsequent Offence: Fine up to Rs. 300
2. Not carrying documents as required

177

First Offence: Fine up to Rs. 100; Subsequent Offence: Fine up to Rs. 300
3. Dangerous Lane cutting

177

First Offence: Fine up to Rs. 100; Subsequent Offence: Fine up to Rs. 300
4. Moving against One-Way

177

First Offence: Fine up to Rs. 100; Subsequent Offence: Fine up to Rs. 300
5. Overtaking dangerously

177

First Offence: Fine up to Rs. 100; Subsequent Offence: Fine up to Rs. 300
6. Jumping Signal (driving at red light)

177

First Offence: Fine up to Rs. 100; Subsequent Offence: Fine up to Rs. 300
7. Driving on Footpath

177

First Offence: Fine up to Rs. 100; Subsequent Offence: Fine up to Rs. 300
8. Stopping at Pedestrian Crossing or Crossing Stop Line

177

First Offence: Fine up to Rs. 100; Subsequent Offence: Fine up to Rs. 300
9. Parking Violations

177

First Offence: Fine up to Rs. 100; Subsequent Offence: Fine up to Rs. 300
10. Horn offences

177

First Offence: Fine up to Rs. 100; Subsequent Offence: Fine up to Rs. 300
11. Number Plate Offences

177

First Offence: Fine up to Rs. 100; Subsequent Offence: Fine up to Rs. 300
12. Improper use of Headlights

177

First Offence: Fine up to Rs. 100; Subsequent Offence: Fine up to Rs. 300
13. Charging Excess Fare

177

First Offence: Fine up to Rs. 100; Subsequent Offence: Fine up to Rs. 300
14. Misbehavior with Passenger

177

First Offence: Fine up to Rs. 100; Subsequent Offence: Fine up to Rs. 300
15. Refusal to ply for Hire

177

First Offence: Fine up to Rs. 100; Subsequent Offence: Fine up to Rs. 300
16. Breach of rules regarding carriage of hazardous goods

177

First Offence: Fine up to Rs. 100; Subsequent Offence: Fine up to Rs. 300
17. Using Mobile Phones while driving

177

First Offence: Fine up to Rs. 100; Subsequent Offence: Fine up to Rs. 300
18. Driving without Helmet

177

First Offence: Fine up to Rs. 100; Subsequent Offence: Fine up to Rs. 300
19. Breach of order, refusal to give information

179

Fine up to Rs 500 or Imprisonment up to 1 month or both.
20. Allowing the vehicle to be driven by a person who does not
possess a valid licence

180

Fine up to Rs 1000 or Imprisonment up to 3 months or both.
21. Driving without valid licence

181

Fine up to Rs 500 or Imprisonment up to 3 months or both.
22. Offences related to driving license

182

Fine up to Rs 500 or Imprisonment up to 3 months or both.
23. Lack of proper maintenance and structure of vehicle

182(A)

First Offence: Rs. 1000; Subsequent Offence: Rs. 5000
24. Driving at a speed exceeding as mentioned in MVA:112

183

First Offence: Rs. 400; Subsequent Offence: Rs. 1000.
25. Dangerous or Reckless Driving

184

First Offence: Fine up to Rs. 1000 or Imprisonment up to 6 months or both. Subsequent Offence: Fine up to Rs. 2000 or Imprisonment up to 2 yrs or both.
26. Driving under influence of Drugs or Alcohols

185

First Offence: Fine up to Rs. 2000 or Imprisonment up to 6 months or both. Subsequent Offence: Fine up to Rs. 3000 or Imprisonment up to 2 yrs or both.
27. Accidental Offences

187

First Offence: Fine up to Rs. 500 or Imprisonment up to 3 months or both. Subsequent Offence: Fine up to Rs. 1000 or Imprisonment up to 6 months or both
28. Illegal racing on road

189

Fine up to Rs 500 or Imprisonment up to 1 month or both.
29. Using vehicle in Unsafe conditions

190

First Offence: Fine up to Rs. 250. Subsequent Offence: Fine up to Rs. 1000 or Imprisonment up to 2 yrs or both.
30. Using Loudspeaker beyond specified limit

190(2)

First Offence: Rs. 1000; Subsequent Offence: Rs. 2000.
31. Carriage of goods which are of dangerous & hazardous nature to human life

190(3)

First Offence: Fine up to Rs. 3000 or Imprisonment up to 1 year or both. Subsequent Offence: Fine up to Rs. 5000 or Imprisonment up to 1 years or both.
32. Driving without Registration and valid Permit

192

First Offence: Fine up to Rs. 5000 (not less than Rs. 2000) or Imprisonment up to 3 months or both. Subsequent Offence: Fine up to Rs. 10000 (not less than Rs. 5000) or Imprisonment up to 1 yr or both.
33. Driving without valid Fitness Certificate

192

First Offence: Fine up to Rs. 5000 (not less than Rs. 2000) or Imprisonment up to 3 months or both. Subsequent Offence: Fine up to Rs. 10000 (not less than Rs. 5000) or Imprisonment up to 1 yr or both.
34. Using Private vehicle for Commercial purposes

192

First Offence: Fine up to Rs. 5000 (not less than Rs. 2000) or Imprisonment up to 3 months or both. Subsequent Offence: Fine up to Rs. 10000 (not less than Rs. 5000) or Imprisonment up to 1 yr or both.
35. Breach of Permit conditions

192

First Offence: Fine up to Rs. 5000 (not less than Rs. 2000) or Imprisonment up to 3 months or both. Subsequent Offence: Fine up to Rs. 10000 (not less than Rs. 5000) or Imprisonment up to 1 yr or both.
36. Overloading a vehicle beyond extent limit

194

Fine up to Rs 2000 and Rs. 1000 per tonne of extra load.
37. Driving without Insurance

196

Fine up to Rs 1000 or Imprisonment up to 3 months or both.
38. Driving of vehicle without legal authority

197

Fine up to Rs 500 or Imprisonment up to 3 months or both.
39. Disturbance in free flow of traffic

201

Fine up to Rs 50 per hour.